Umatilla County, Oregon 1922
ROADS AND HIGHWAYS
More and more communities are coming to be judged by the kind of roads they build and support, and if this criterion is used as a yardstick to gauge the worth of Umatilla County, this block of the Inland Empire will not suffer by comparison with a majority of other counties in the Northwest. In the total number of miles of improved roads it may not rank so high other counties in more densely populated countries, but it has something more than 5,000 miles of roads of all kinds, and, naturally, not all of them can be macadamized.
There are two highway systems in the county which are the chief arteries of trade and traffic, the Old Oregon Trail and Columbia River Highway for one, and the Oregon-Washington Highway. The former is named for the historic trail which it follows in the main. The Columbia River Highway is properly a continuation from Pendleton of the Oregon Trail, and it goes west to the Columbia River and thence through Portland to Seaside, the western terminus, located on the Pacific Ocean. From Pendleton to Seaside the Columbia River Highway is entirely paved or macadamized and the Old Oregon Trail to the east is lacking only fifteen miles of macadam.
The Oregon-Washington Highway is an interstate highway, as its name signifies, and it runs from the state line near Walla Walla, Washington, through Freewater, Milton, Weston, Athena, Adams, Pendleton and Pilot Rock, and from there to the Morrow County line, where it connects with Heppner. From the state line to Pendleton the road is paved, and from Pendleton on past Pilot Rock it is macadamized and more of it is under contract for construction. These roads are state highways and were built by the county and state jointly, and maintenance is taken care of by the' state.
Along the Oregon-Washington and Columbia River Highways
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