Umatilla County, Oregon 1922

Of the 314,000 bushels of barley grown on 14,000 acres, most is grown in the vicinity of Pilot Rock, although there are scattered fields all over the grain belt. About 3,000 acres of Rye, used chiefly for pasture or on the lands being prepared for irrigation, is grown.

While the rainfall is sufficient and conditions good for growing alfalfa on parts of most of the wheat farms, combine harvesting makes it more practical to cut for hay a combine width around the outside of the fields. In this manner over 33,000 tons on nearly 29,000 acres are put up for feed.


In spite of the high state of cultivation and comparatively big land values, Umatilla County wheat lands present good opportunities for the investor and settler. Like other sections, during the war period, land values advanced

On the Umatilla Project. Growing a grand champion car of hogs for the Pacific International Livestock Exposition.

rapidly, but with, the price of wheat declining to a pre-war basis grain land valuations have become more reasonable. In fact, when the high yield, the low cost of bushel production, the good marketing advantages, and the fact that the district is not subject to crop failure, the investment in Umatilla County wheat land is mighty good. Few of the farms in the best localities are offered for sale, but tracts of Indian lands, some of the best acreages, are put up for sale each year, and there still remains some acreage formerly used for grazing which is being brought into cultivation.

The Umatilla Indian Reservation lands in the most fertile part of the grain belt, and tracts owned by estates or retired farmers are leased for share or cash rentals, but as most of the leases require the tenant to own the large amount of equipment necessary to run the wheat farm, some capital is essential.

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