Improvements. - Salem still improves. - The steady increase in the number of dwellings and other buildings has not been suspended even during the winter. All through the coldest and most stormy weather the knights of the jack plane, hammer and saw have been at work. An unusually large number of buildings will go up during the coming season, and by the close of next summer there will be but few available vacant lots within the present limits of our city. There are petitions now before the city council to have the streets extended through the land owned by Mrs. Wilson and Mr. Roberts in the eastern part of the city, so as to give a chance to spread in that direction. There is opposition to this on the part of those owing the land, but these objections will doubtless yield in time to an apparent public want.
The council has passed an ordinance requiring sidewalks on the principal streets, and by the coming of another winter most of the citizens will be able to travel dry shod to and from their places of business.
Indian Troubles. - Telegraphic communication with the East has been again disturbed by an Indian outbreak east of Fort Laramie. Julesburg and several other important stations have been destroyed by the savages and the line torn down in many places. Mud Springs Station, sixty miles west of Julesburg, was attacked by the Indians about a thousand in number, and it was with difficulty and by hard fighting that the place was held, although reinforcement were immediately sent from Fort Laramie. Dispatches dated Fort Laramie, Jan. 6th, say:
It is one hundred miles from here to Mud Springs.
The detachment that left Saturday reached that station this morning, pretty well worn out. Fighting was going on there at 2 o'clock, when we lost communication and have not heard from them since. It is supposed that the Indians have torn the line down this side. Creighton, Superintendent of the Pacific Telegraph, had 1,000 head of cattle at Mud Springs, all of which fell into the hands of the Indians. It is sixty miles from Mud Springs to Julesburg. - All ranches and stations between these points have been cleaned out by the Indians. It is not thought the indians have destroyed much of the line, and the party that started this morning may soon be able to open communication.
Reduced. - A late order from the War Department reduces the minimum standard of height required for volunteers from five feet three inches, to five feet. This gives "shorties" an opportunity to distinguish themselves. We deeply regret that our size is still under that figure. How we regret that we were so unfortunate as to be so short. - Review.
What an exceedingly short man you are! - Short in stature, short-sighted, short of subscribers, short of funds to pay your debts, and last but not least: short of brains. You are "truly a very unfortunate man." There is only one specimen of the genus homo in the State that does not pity you, and that is the poor little thing in the employ of Bush, Miller & Co. He is glad of it on the ground that misery loves company.
Examination. - The semi-annual examination of classes in Wallamet University came off during last week. The attendance of students thus far during the present year has been large and regular, and the examination showed that neither teachers nor pupils have been idle. It is hoped by the beginning of another year the new building will be completed, when the institution will be able to afford better accommodations to a much larger number.
Military. - The company recruited in Wasco and Grant counties now numbers 83 men, and has been mustered into service with the following officers:
Captain, A.J. Borland; First Lieutenant, W.M. Rand; Second Lieutenant, A.B. Power. The company ranks in the regiments as company "G."
Specimens of gold-bearing quartz from the Cascade Mountains, opposite Seattle, W.T., have recently been exhibited at Seattle and other places on the Sound. These mines created considerable excitement last Fall, and will doubless be thoroughly prospected in the Spring.
State Finances. - At the close of business on Saturday the 11th inst., the balance in the State Treasury, of all funds, was $52,141.66, and no outstanding warrants.
Company "C." - A report has lately obtained currency that "about twenty" men belonging to Company C, from this county had deserted whilst on their way to Fort Steilacoom. The story traveled to San Francisco, and in the Flag of the 26th ultimo we observe the following correction:
Editor American Flag: I noticed last evening that the Bulletin had innocently copied an item from a Victoria paper, to the effect that seventeen men had deserted at Esquimault, from a company of United States soldiers en route to Steilacoom. Being a passenger at the time, and acquainted with Captain Crandall, who had charge of the company, I can state most positively that there was not a single man who evinced a disposition to leave, but have the assurance of the Captain that every man was on board the Eliza Anderson the next morning ten minutes before the steamer left. As an act of justice to the men who had voluntarily enlisted in the service of the United States, I would ask that you will notice the fact in your paper and show the falsity of the report, which could only emanate from the pen of an enemy of our country.
Gen. McClellan - has been tendered the position of Engineer-in-Chief of the Morris and Essex Railroad. The salary of this is $25,000 per annum - the same as the President of the United States. - Review.
"Saltpetred" again. Do you not know that the Morris and Essex Railroad is a one-horse affair of about fifty-three miles in length? Its entire capital stock is about $1,000,000, and its total income clear of expenses in 1860 was about $94,000. That they should pay about one-third of this to the "Engineer-in-Chief" is not a very likely story. And such a position for the would-be President! Chief Engineer of a railroad fifty-three miles long!
This sell on the gullible admirers of Little Mac was doubless invented by some villainous Abolitionist and is about as scathing a comment on the abilities of the Grave-digger as any thing yet published.
Dr. E.Y. Chase, Surgeon at Fort Steilacoom, W.T., and late of Fort Hoskins, has been ordered to report at New York, for duty. He will go East as soon as relieved at his post.