Pacific Northwest Chronology

In 1824 Dr. McLoughlin and James Douglas arrived at Astoria, and in 1825 the doctor establishes Vancouver, moving there in March of that year. Same situated on the Point Vancouver of Lieutenant Broughton. Called by the Chinooks Skit-so-to-ho, and Ala-si-kas by the Klikitats. Its meaning is "place of mud-turtles."

The proper title of Dr. John McLoughlin was that of Chief Factor. He was, however, called by courtesy the "Governor." The real Governor at that time of the Hudson's Bay Company was Sir H. Pelly, in England, and Sir George Simpson, in Canada. Dr. McLoughlin had knighthood conferred upon him in the '40s. He was made a knight of the Order of St. Gregory by Pope Gregory the XIV.

Dr. William C. McKay was born in 1824. His father, Tom McKay, was of the Astor expedition coming on the Tonquin in 1811. His mother was a daughter of Concomly, chief of the Chinooks. When his mother died, his father married the half-breed daughter of Montoure, the confidential clerk of the Hudson's Bay Company. By this latter marriage a son, Donald, was born.

The first "dude" to come to the Pacific Northwest was J. Lee Lewis, who arrived as an employee of the Hudson's Bay Company in 1824. It is said that though a fop, he was a man of fine appearance, well educated, and possessed of good qualities. He retired from the service of the company in 1846, after having charge of many of their important trading posts, and went to Australia. Not liking that country, he returned and settled in the Red River section. A son of his, A. Lee Lewis, was the first representative to the territorial legislature of Oregon from Vancouver [Clarke] County.

1825 - Fort Colville established by Hudson's Bay Company.

Fort Boise, the first fort in Idaho, was established by the Hudson's Bay Company.

1826 - David Douglas, Scotch scientist, who found and named the Douglas spruce of the Pacific Coast, discovered the natives cultivating the indigenous tobacco plant of the Columbia River.

1827 - The first apple trees grown in the Pacific Northwest were planted at Vancouver, Washington. They sprang from the seed of an apple eaten at a dinner party given in London, England. One of the ladies present, more in jest than in earnest, took the seeds from an apple brought in with the desert, and gave them to Captain Simpson, of the Hudson's Bay Company's Coast service, who was also a guest, telling him to plant them on his arrival at Vancouver. While at a dinner at Vancouver in 1847, the Captain was reminded of the seeds given him and handed them to Bruce, the gardener at the Fort, who planted them in boxes, under glass. With careful nursing and forcing, he soon had some strong, healthy sprouts, which soon bore fruit.


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R. GESS SMITH