STATE LAND BARGAINS.

The State of Idaho has several hundred thousand acres of lands--government grants for schools and for various State purposes--available for purchase under such advantageous terms as to be well worth consideration from all prospective buyers. Under the State constitution, only 25 sections, or 16,000 acres, can be sold in any one calendar year. But this provides for a number of farms, as the land is always sold in 40-acre units. When the land is sold for less than $25.00 an acre, it is payable one-tenth in cash and the balance in 18 equal installments at 6 per cent. No State lands may be sold at less than $10.00 per acre. Lands selling for more than $25.00 per acre require two-tenths cash payment.

Where State lands lie within Carey Act segregations, the water right is reduced to equalize the price to that of the other land around it; so that State land, in a $35.00 per acre Carey Act project, would get a water right for $25.00 to equalize the price with the other land at the minimum price of $10.00 an acre. No residence requirement is made; the land is not taxable, other than for the equity of the purchaser, and the interest rate is lower than the current bank rate, so that it is a most desirable investment to get State lands.

There are the regular school sections, 16 and 36 in each township, besides the other special grant and lieu lands that may be found for sale in almost every locality. Application to the State Land Board, at Boise, would bring information as to the State lands in any specified locality; their appraised price below which they may not sell, and all inormation as to water supply and time of sale.

State lands may also be leased on most favorable terms, where they are not in demand for sale, or where the annual apportionment for sale has been already reached for the season. The leases are made up to 5 years in length, at a price that makes them a good investment. There is a different schedule of prices between grazing lands and farm lands; but whichever the land is suited for, it is well worth the price demanded by the State.

Frank Burkhalter, from near Kimberly, Twin Falls, County, Idaho, had $12,000.00 worth of alsike clover seed from his farm in 1914.

The Wilson orchard of 70 acres, near Nampa, Canyon County, produced $50,000.00 worth of apples, in 1910. The orchard sold for $1,000.00 an acre.

John Moulton, owner of the "Red Apple" orchard of 10 acres, near Nampa, Canyon County, Idaho, sold $9,166.05 worth of fruit, in 1911, from this orchard. Two acres, planted to Rome Beauty apples, brought $2,841.35.

Walter Parrish, of Twin Falls, had 10 acres of potatoes that produced 309,965 pounds of merchantable, and 11,865 pounds of cull, potatoes, in 1912. He sold the crop for $252.71 an acre.

R. H. Woods, 5 miles from Payette, Idaho, in 1912, picked 1,600 boxes of Ben Davis apples, per acre from his orchard; 80 trees per acre yielded 20 boxes per tree. He sold fancy and extra fancy product for $1,333.85 per acre; the third grade stuff was sold apart from, and in addition to, this price.

J. A. Smith, of CaldweU, raised 470 bushels from 5 acres of corn, in 1914-an average of 94 bushels per acre.

J. H. Trout, of Roswell, Idaho, raised 110 bushels per acre from 11 acres of corn, in 1914.

William Hitson, of Caldwell, Idaho, had returns from clover seed, in 1914, of $100.00 per acre, for the seed, in addition to one crop cut for hay.

E. J. Rotering, an Idaho orchardist, with 6 1/2 acres in apples, received $8,800 for his crop, in 1910; $3,500, in 1911; and $7,500, in 1912. It made an average of $6,600, per year, for 6 1/2 acres--$1,016.66, per acre, per year.

George V. Leighton, of near Boise, pastured 675 sheep and 17 lambs on a 30-acre pasture, for 5 months, beginning in May, 1913. He received one cent, per head per day, for the use of the pasture; the total receipts being $42.50 per acre for the 5 months, with no work save irrigating.

Heber C. Sharp, of St. Anthony, Fremont County, Idaho, keeps 800 hens, which pay him a net profit of $1.50, per hen, per year.

T. N. Ragsdale, living near Boise, raised 2,100 pounds of onion seed on 3 acres, in 1912, which netted him $525.00, or $175.00 an acre. Two acres of onion sets also brought him 40,000 pounds, which he sold at $130.00 an acre.

On the Fairview Ranch, near Hagerman, Gooding County, Mrs. Paul S. A. Bickel produced 53 boxes of Chenango Strawberry Apples from one tree, in 1913.

One tree of Black Ben Davis apples, in the Manville Orchard, near Boise, Ada County, Idaho, produced 50 boxes of merchantable apples, in 1912.

B. F. Hall, living on a non-irrigated homestead at the foot of Squaw Butte, near Emmett, Canyon County, Idaho, in 1914, raised and sold 900 turkeys, which brought more than $2,000 cash.

W. B. Gilmore, of Payette, Canyon County, Idaho, raised 753 1/2 bushels of potatoes to one measured acre of ground. Mr. Gilmore had been a hotel man, unacquainted with farming until four years before making this record, in 1912.

George Duval, of Nampa, Canyon County, Idaho, raised and sold from his 509-acre farm $21,500.00 worth of produce, in 1913.

Edward Heath, of Emmett, raised and sold $178.85 worth of prunes from one-half acre of orchard; one acre of melons paid him $150.00; and one apricot tree paid $33.65 in one year.

Lloyd Morton, of Mountain Home, raised and sold more than $100.00 worth of beans from one acre of land, in 1913.

At the Experiment Station, maintained by the Government and the State, at Gooding, Gooding County, Idaho, three steers were pastured one whole season of 1914 on one acre of pasture; part of the season there were four steers. They had no other feed, yet they gained more than 700 pounds in weight.

H. K. Wiley, of Springfield, Bingham County, Idaho, in 19!4, raised and sold one wagon-load of Grimm's Alfalfa seed to the United States Government, that paid him $2,644.00.

From one-half acre of strawberries On the Warden Fruit Farm, near Emmett, Canyon County, Idaho, was sold 700 crates of berries, at an average price of $1.10 per crate, or $770.00 for the entire product of 1912.

Thomas E. Ricks, of Rexburg, Madison County, raised 104 bushels of barley from one acre of non-irrigated land, in 1913--1,202 bushels from 11.5 acres.

Leonard Harper, of Oakley, bassia County, in 1914, raised 22.68 tons of sugar beets from one acre. The beets were sold to the Burley sugar factory, and brought $107.73.

D. C. McWatters, of Jerome, Lincoln County, Idaho, president 'of. the Idaho Pure Seed Association, raised 84 bushels, per acre, of ImproVed Defiance Wheat, in 1913.

On the Idaho Irrigation Company demonstration farm, at Richfield, Lincoln County, Idaho, the company raised 8 tons of red clover to the acre, in 1911, the year after the ground was broken up from sage brush.

The first Idaho range lambs sold directly on the Chicago market, were shipped, in 1894, by Fred W. Gooding, of Shoshone--a full train load from the Wood River valley. Since then, Idaho lambs invariably top the market. They are the earliest sold from the West.

George B. Flynn, of Burley, Cassia County, raised (and swore to an affidavit to that effect), 830 bushels of potatoes to one measured acre, in 1913. It~ was further estimated that the pickers left no less than 50 bushels of potatoes in the ground by careless picking.

B. F. Tussing, of Fruitland, Canyon County, Idaho, raised and sold $11,756.55 worth of apples from an 8-acre orchard, in 1910. After deducting interest, all costs of production, rent of land, and every possible rightful charge, the net return was $7,011.11.

Andrew Jensen, of Emmett, Canyon County, Idaho, raised and sold $1,100.00 worth of dewberries from one acre, in 1909. He and his brother paid $8,400.00 for the 80-acre farm the year before, and this one ~/cre paid 13 per cent on the entire investment; or paid outright for more than 10 acres of the farm.

James A. Whitman, of Weiser, Washington County, sold $2,185.00 worth of prunes and chickens from his three-acre place, in 1913.

W. J. Tapper, of Richfield, Lincoln County, Idaho, raised a carload of hogs on alfalfa pasture, fed them on alfalfa through the winter, put them on alfalfa pasture again in the spring, and fed them grain for only five weeks h~foro selling them, in 1914. They netted him $14.00 each, above the cost of the grain fed.

W. B. Gilmore, of Payette, Canyon County, Idaho, raised 140 bushels of corn to one measured acre, in 1913. His name has been honored with membership to the National Top-Notch Farmers' Club.

From one acre of pasture, on the Gooding State Experiment Station, in Gooding County, Idaho, 2 cows, in 123 days, in 1914, produced $73.78 worth of butterfat, which, with the skim milk, valued at $3.00 and the ton of hay worth $3.00, cut from the land which the two cows, and part of the time a third cow, could not pasture off, made $79.78 returns from the one acre of pasture.

Mrs. O. F. Strobel, of Mann Creek, Washington County, Idaho, sold $261.00 worth of early Richmond cherries from eight trees in seven years, from 1907 to 1913, besides using an estimated $75.00 worth, and cultivating a fine garden between the tree rows each one of the seven years.

Harley D. Coble, of Weiser, Washington County, Idaho, from his 20-acre orchard of apples and prunes, in 1910, 1911 and 1912, secured an average net return of $668.12 per acre for the apples, and $642.50 per acre for the prunes.

George Mason, a 15-year-old school boy, of Rigby, Jefferson County, Idaho, in 1914, was awarded the State prize for potato growing with 100 bushels from one-eighth of an acre.



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