ROCKFORD, WASH., |
March lO, 1889.
DEAR FRIEND: I see by the Senate proceedings of January 29th, you presented a resolution directing Secretary of War to cause investigation to be made into the organization and service in the Cayuse war of a company known as Capt. Lawrence Halls company, Oregon Volunteers. That is, or was, my father's company. Before his death he gave me all his papers, including journal and muster-roll. Before I moved from Portland, Oregon, the Oregon Pioneer Society wanted his papers. I donated them with the understanding that at any time I wanted them I could have them, or a copy. If you will write to the secretary of that society they may be of use to the Government, especially the muster-roll. James A. Flippin and Isaac Buttler, both of Hillsborough, Washington County, Oregon, were in his company. I thought this little information might be of service to you. Do you not think it possible that something by the way of collecting that old United States marshals claim of my late husband, W. H. Bennett, which come under the head of suspended claims; it is money that was due him in part for money advanced out of his own pocket to pay expenses of jurors and witnesses' fees, he taking the Government for it, which he never got. The sum that Jacob Stitzel obtained was fraudulently got. I am left a lone widow and much in need of help. I am willing to allow a good fee if you can get something for me. Write me what can be done, and oblige,
MRS. L.J. BENNETT.
The HON. J. H. MITCHELL.
By order of the Secretary of War.
ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE, March 25, 1889.
Dear Sir: My attention has just been called to your communication of the 16th instant, asking tbr information concerning the organization and service of what has been known as Capt. L. Hall's company of Oregon Mounted Volunteers, etc.
I would say that upon the receipt of the news of the massacre of Dr. Marcus Whitman and others, at Wilatkee, in the Walla Walla valley, in December, 1847, George Abernathy, then provisional governor of Oregon, called for volunteers to muster into the service of the Territory and proceed to the Walla Walla country to assist what missionaries and emigrants there were remaining in that country to the Willamette Valley, and to force the Cayuse Indians to surrender up the murderers.
In obedience to said call there were six companies mustered into service, which was called the First Regiment Oregon Mounted Vohmteers, commanded by Col. Cornelius Gillem, each company consisting of about sixty officers and men. ] was a member of Capt. L. Hall's company. Said company was mustered into service on or about the 9th day of January, 1848, with Lawrence Hall, captain; H.D. O'Brien, first lieutenant; John Enyart, second lieutenant; William Sheldon, first sergeant; P.S. Enyart, second sergeant; T.R. Cornelius, fourth sergeant. The other non-commissioned officers I have forgotten. I can only give a partial list of the names of the men, as I write from memory. They are as follows: John B. Hall, A.C. Hall, Isaac Rutter, S.A Kalteruh, D. Shoomak, A. Williams, A. Stewart, A.C. Brown, Isaac W. Smith, R. Noland, N. Jobe, J.W. Linginfelter, A. Enyart, T. Flemming, R. Walker, A. J. Lineberger, John Lineberger, A. Kimzy, T. Kimzy, S. Ross, G. Mundin, W. Watters, Charles Smith, S.Y. Cook, P.G. Northrup, John Elliot, John Lousignaught, S. Furgusson, David Harper, Joseph Scott, William Stokes.
This company, with the others of the regiment, left Portland about the 10th of January, 1848, and proceeded to the Walla Walla country, served about six months in the Cayuse war, and was mustered out at Oregon City about the 1st of July, 1848, having done good service in said Cayuse war, but probably nothing more than other companies in the old regiment.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
T. R. CORNELIUS.
Captain, Acting Judge-Advocate, U. S. A., Vancouver, Wash.
March 26, 1889.
DEAR SIR: Having seen an article in the Oregonian, asking for information regarding Capt. Lawrence Hall's company of Oregon volunteers, and being a member of that company I will write you what I know of that company. In December, 1847, there was a call tbr volunteers, when the company rendezvoused at Portland, where they organized, with Lawrence Hall as captain, H.D. O'Bryant as first lieutenant, John Enyard, second lieutenant, William Sheldon, orderly sergeant; the object being to chastise the Cayuse Indians for the massacre of Dr. Whitman and others. Each man furnished his own horse and outfit, and each mess of six furnished a pack-horse to carry their provisions, etc. Thus we set out on the line of march about January 1, 1848, for the Cayuse country. Hall's company took part in all general engagements with the Indians, the first battle being fought on the Des Chutes River, 20 miles above its mouth, the second at Well's Springs, on the old emigrant road, and the third on the Tucannon and between Tucannon and Touchet Creeks, the latter lasting two days and nights; the marches and battle lasting three days and nights, during which time the volunteers were without food.
The men lived on just what the Indian country afforded, while here--that consisting mainly of beef and Cayuse-horse-meat, and no bread. We were discharged at Oregon City by Governor Abernathy about the last of June (1848) having served about six months, which were six months of hardships, toil, and peril, without hope of remuneration. Hall's company of men were all residents of what is now Washington County, Oregon. Several of them still live there. The officers of that company are all dead. I will now name al those I remember of Hall's company:
Thomas Kimzie, Thomas Cornelius, Joe Scott, Robert Walker, Randall Yarbour, Asa Williams, Peter Enyard, Charlie Smith. Abe Enyard, John Lousinall, Sherry Ross, John Lienberger, Lafayette Scroggins, Andrew Lienberger, Perry Northrup, John Zachary, John Garrish,- Mundon, Alvin Kimzie, - Harper, Tupper, - Tupper.
If necessary, or you wish it, I will make affidavit to the above statements.
Very respectfully, WM. W. WALTER.
Capt. WM. E. BIRKHIMER.
April 1, 1889.
MY DEAR SIR: I am just in receipt of your communication of March 16, and hasten to answer. In December, 1847, Governor Abernathy, of Oregon, receiving intelligence that the Indian tribes in the Walla Walla country were about to unite and wage a war against the whites, deemed it his duty to order out by proclamation a regiment of five hundred men to check them. I was appointed by him brevet captain, to enroll the Tualatin country company. I immediately repaired to Portland, Oregon, and commenced the duty of organizing the company. I do not now remember the number of men enrolled. The company elected their own offricers. Lawrence Hall was elected captain, now deceased; Hugh O'Brien, first lieutenant, removed to California some years since; John Inyard, second lieutenant, now deceased. After the organization was completed, the company was placed under the command of Col. Cornelius Gilliam, commander of the regiment. I afterwards went with the company to The Dalles, and was with the company at the battle of the Des Chutes. For a description of that engagement I refer you to the accompanying letter, written by me from The Dalles soon after the battle. If you think this letter of no service in the matter please return it to me, but if it is needed keep it as long as you think proper. I am quite aged, and would like the letter to descend to my children as a reminiscence of early times in Oregon.
Col. Tom Cornelius, of Washington County, Oregon. Isaac Butler, Stephen Holcomb, and Albert Stewart, of Hillsborough, Washington County, Oregon. John Zachary, of Forest Grove, Washington County, Oregon. Robert Walker, of Springville, Washington County, Oregon. P.G. Northrup, of Mountain Dale, Washington County, Oregon.
Some three years since we Indian war veterans held a meeting at Hillsborough, Washington County, Oregon, and elected Col. Tom Cornelius captain, and Hon. W.D. Hare, of Hillsborough, orderly sergeant. I specially refer you to those gentlemen for further information. I can not recall any more names. Just at this moment I remember John Loosenall, deceased. Colonel Cornelius is vigorous, and will give you more information probably than any other man. I omitted to state that I witnessed two other battles in which this company was engaged. One we called the battle of Dry Plain. In this engagement five or six Indians were killed and a number of whites wounded. I participated in this battle and was knocked still by a ball; the wound was slight, but the shock knocked me down. The other battle was called Of Touche'. In this engagement eleven whites were wounded and thirty-four Indians were killed. The fight lasted three days and nights. We took a number of horses and 500 cattle from the Indians in this engagement. My sight is so much impaired that I can not see to write, and have to have a friend do so for me. If you deem it necessary I will state what I know in the form of an affidavit.
ISAAC W. SMITH
by I.T. Maulsby.
April 1, 1889.
DEAR SIR: In answer to your request, I will give the facts to the best of my recollection. On January 8, 1848, I enlisted in Capt. Laurence Hall's company; then started for the Whitman's Mission, who had been murdered, him and his wife and several others, by the Indians, and two girls taken prisoners. This is what this company was called out for. We got the girls, and we got some of the leading ones that were in the massacre. As it has been so long ago I have forgotten a great many things. I will give the names of the officers: Lawrence Hall; first lieutenant, Hugh O'Brien; second lieu- tenant, John Iniard. As to the names, I presume you have them, so I hope you will excuse my blunders.
Wm. E. BIRKHIMER.
MOUNTAIN DALE, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OREGON,
April 5, 1889.
DEAR SIR: Your favor of March 16 at hand, and contents duly noted, and I will do the best I can to answer your questions in regard to Colonel Hall's company of Oregon volunteers.
The company was organized about the 20th of December, 1847, at Portland, Oregon, with officers as follows:
Hugh O'Brien, as first lieutenant; whereabouts unknown.
John Iniard, as second lieutenant; dead.
Dr. Carpenter, physician and surgeon, Salem, Oregon.
General Gillam, as colonel; accidentally killed while in service, and succeeded by Colonel Waters.
T.R. Cornelius, first sergeant of guard, Cornelius, Oregon.
-- Stokes, second sergeant of guard; dead.
In regard to services rendered, each of us furnished our outfit and left Portland about January 1, 1847; thence via Vancouver and old Hudson Bay trail to Hood River; thence crossed river, and thence via Dalles to the Des Chutes; thence crossed and fought our first battle, called the battle of the Des Chutes; thence returned to The Dalles; thence went to Willow Creek, where we fought the battle of the Dry Plains; from thence to Whitman Station; from there we pursued the hostile Indians to Snake River, where we overtook them and commenced battle, but they were so strong we had to retreat back to the crossing of the Touchet, where we turned on them and gave them a thrashing, from whence they fled to the buffalo country, the last battle lasting two days and one night; thence most of the company was ordered to Spaulding's Mission, where they remained about one month, after which we all returned to Oregon City, where we were discharged about June 15, 1848, being nearly six months in the service.
I think I will call on you soon and can give you a more definite description of the battles, etc. If necessary, please let me know.
Steve A. Holcomb, West Union, Washington County, Oregon.
Isaac Smith, Tillamook, Tillamook County, Oregon.
David Harper, Alvin Brown, Gilbert Hundon, Forest Grove, WashingtOn County, Oregon.
Noah Jobe, Cornelius, Washington County, Oregon.
Brazil Grounds, Astoria, Clatsop County, Oregon.
Abner Vaughn, Ace Williams, Greenville, Washington County, Oregon.
Henry Langworthy, Astoria, Clatsop County, Oregon.
Jacob Rhineerson, Rainier, Columbia County, Oregon.
Magoon, John Day's country, Oregon.
Peter Iniard, Jack Baley, out in John Day's country.
John Lionbarger, last heard of in California.
Thomas Kimsey, Alvin Kimsey, William Walters, -- Walters, out on the Touchet, Henry Stevens, Thomas Purvins, Josiah Lincoln Phelter, - Lawnsdale, Henry Levala, Isaac N. Green, - Ghumaker, ---- Evans, S. Y. Cook, Prospect Robbinson, John Zachra, John Roland, William Smith, H. Canada, Lynn Abel l, - Crawford, - Scott, Nathan Alney, whereabouts unknown.
Abe Iniard, Rhodes Noland, John Lousignot, Andrew Lionbarger, Mountain Robinson, Sherry Ross, John Cospenhober, Ben Alien, are dead.
Following nick-names, whereabouts and correct names, not known: Buckskin, Grizly Bear, and Rail.
Having no list of the names, I can think of no more at present. I think there were abeut 75 in company.
PERIN G. NORTHRUP, Mountain Dale, Washington County, Oregon.