SENATE JOINT MEMORIAL NO. 1.
To the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States in Congress assembled:
Your memorialist, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Oregon, respectfully represents:
Whereas, a National and International Exposition will be held in the City of Portland, Oregon, from May 1 to November 1, 1905, to celebrate the one hundredth aniversary of the exploration of the Oregon Country (comprising all of the present states of Oregon, Washington and Idaho, and parts of Montana and Wyoming) by an expedition commanded by Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark of the United States Army.
Whereas, the exploring expedition of Lewis and Clark was conceived by Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States, as part of his well-defined purpose to establish commercial communication with Asia through the heart of our own continent, to the accomplishment of which purpose President Jefferson devoted some of the best years of his life.
Whereas, President Jefferson's plan to locate an American settlement on the northwest coast of North America was the first step of the United States toward continental expansion. It was proposed while Jefferson was yet United States Minister to France, fully twenty years before any official of the government of the United States had given thought to the idea of acquiring any territory west of the Mississippi, except the Island of Orleans at the mouth of said river.
Whereas, the discovery of the Columbia River by Captain George Gray, and the exploration of Lewis and Clark, added to the national domain the Oregon Country, comprising 307,000 square miles. The acquisition of Oregon preceded, by over forty years, the annexation of California, to which it was a contributory cause, and of Texas, to which it was closely allied in American political policy. The subsequent acquisitions of Alaska, Hawaii and the Philippines were results of the acquisition of Oregon. As a consequence of the expansion movement inaugurated by President Jefferson, when he proposed to establish an American settlement on the Pacific Northwest Coast, nearly 2,900,000 square miles were added to the domain of the United States in the nineteenth century.
Whereas, properly to celebrate the important epoch in American history in which Jefferson, Lewis and Clark are the foremost figures, the City of Portland has incorporated a stock company with $500,000 capital to carry on the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, heretofore mentioned in this Joint Memorial.
Whereas, the State of Oregon, as the state retaining and perpetuating the name of the country toward which President Jefferson, in planning commercial communication with Asia, directed the footsteps of Lewis and Clark one hundred years ago, has appropriated $400,000 to pay the cost of collecting and installing its exhibit, and has appropriated the further sum of $50,000 toward the cost of constructing a Lewis and Clark memorial building as a monument to commemorate the achievements of America's first and greatest explorers.
Whereas, recognizing the national significance of said Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, and its value as an expositor of the advancement of the trans-Mississippi West, and as showing the true relation of the United States to its new trade field on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, the States of Missouri, Minnesota, North Dakota, Washington, California, Utah, Idaho and Montana have, through their Legislatures, voted to participate, and have made provision for state exhibits of an aggregate value of one million ($1,000,000) dollars, including the exhibit of the State of Oregon.
Whereas, there is now pending in the Congress of the United States a bill entitled:
"A bill for an act to provide for the celebration of the one-hundredth anniversary of the exploration of the Oregon Country by Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark during their expedition from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, in the years 1804, 1805 and 1806; and to authorize a commission representing the United States to hold, at the City of Portland, in the State of Oregon, a national, international and oriental exhibition of arts, industries, manufactures, and the products of the rivers, soil, mine, forest and sea in said state; and to provide and assist in the erection of a memorial building in said City of Portland, to be known as the Lewis and Clark Memorial Building; and to authorize an appropriation for all said purposes."
Whereas, said bill above referred to appropriates the sum of two million, one hundred and twenty-five thousand ($2,125,000) dollars for the purpose of defraying the cost of exhibits to be made by and under the supervision and direction of the United States.
Wherefore, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Oregon memorializes the Congress of the United States to enact into law, at the earliest practicable moment, the pending bill providing for government participation in the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, and making an appropriation therefor.
The Legislative Assembly of the State of Oregon specially sets forth to the Congress of the United States that the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition will be representative in every respect of the tremendous progress and development of the great West in the century just past, and, as an undertaking of so far reaching a character, merits the full measure of co-operation and support from the national government. The Pacific Coast, notwithstanding the large and important part it has played in the upbuilding of the nation and in rounding it out in its fullness as a world power, never has been favored with a government appropriation for an exposition. Over its shores the American flag waved in its frst journey around the world from Boston and return, by way of the Columbia River and China. The humble fort that Lewis and Clark built at Clatsop in the winter of 1805 gave the United States its first foothold upon the Pacific Ocean--that theater of the world's new activities - and paved the way for the expansion that has increased the national domain from 827,000 square miles in 1783 to 3,727,000 square miles in 1903. The philosophy that taught President Jefferson that the mountain chain feding so considerable a river as the Missouri on the east must be the source of another large stream flowing westward opened the path of civilization to the Pacific, and provided, through our own country, the route to India, which was for centuries the dream and hope of every navigator, from Columbus down to recent times. At the Columbia River, San Francisco Bay, Puget Sound, Honolulu and Manila, the United States is fortified to occupy, in war or in peace, the high station in the council of nations to which events in the Pacific have called it. Havingfaithfully discharged to the nation every obligation imposed upon it as an integral part of the Union, or failing to it by reason of its enviromnent; having in time of war responded to every call made upon it for the national defense, and having in time of peace poured forth its wealth of mines, farm and range for the general welfare, the Pacific Coast now asks from Congress, in the matter of the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, the consideration which its past service to the nation and the merit of its cause deserve.
The Secretary of State of the State of Oregon is hereby instructed to forward certified copies of this Joint Memorial to the President of the United States Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the United States, at Washington, D. C., and to the Senators and Representatives in Congress from the State of Oregon.
L. T. HARRIS,
Speaker of the House.
GEO. C. BROWNELL,
President of the Senate.
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