Vol. 1 May, 1899 No. 1|
Biographical * Joseph Lane
General Lane was born in North Carolina December 14, 1801. At an early age his father moved to Henderson county, Kentucky, where he lived until the age of twenty. At this early period of life he married Miss Polly Hart, and they moved to Vanderburgh county, Indiana, where for some twenty-five years he led the life of a farmer. Being an active participant in all matters of enterprise that would bring the greatest good to the county, his abilities were soon recognized and he was sent as its representative to the legislature, remaining a member of it until the breaking out of the Mexican war, when he resigned as state senator to accept the colonelcy [sic] of the Second regiment, Indiana volunteers. He was badly wounded in the shoulder at the battle of Buena Vista, where he commanded the left wing of the army, but, nothing daunted, he refused to leave the field until victory was assured. Subsequently, while in command of a corps destined to the relief of General Scott, he defeated the Mexicans in several engagements. After joining General Scott, he was actively engaged very prominently in the war until peace was restored. From the rank of colonel he rose through merit and bravery to brigadier-general and major-general of volunteers. No sooner had the sun of military life seen its setting than that of political dawned again, for on his return from the battle-field he found himself commissioned governor of Oregon territory. He immediately set out for the scene of his new duties, coming via Mexico and Arizona, accompanied by a military escort to San Francisco, where he took passage on a sailing vessel for Oregon City, the then seat of government. On the 3d of March, 1849, he issued his proclamation as governor. In 1851 he was chosen delegate to congress, and served in that capacity until Oregon was admitted in 1859 as a state, when he was elected one of its first United States senators. In 1853 he distinguished himself in the Rogue river Indian war, receiving a severe wound at the battle of Evans creek. The subsequent treaty with the Indians at Table Rock was brought about largely with his influence with the hostiles. In 1860 he was the nominee of one out of three factions into which the hitherto victorious democratic party had been divided, for the office of vice-president, the nominee for president on the same ticket being John C. Breckinridge. The house divided against itself resulted in its defeat, the republican ticket headed by Abraham Lincoln being elected. General Lane then retired to his home near Roseburg, where the remaining years of his life were brought to a well-rounded close in the heart of his family. In the spring of 1881 this good and noble man slowly but surely began to feel the ebbing tide of a life well spent, and in April of that year closed his eyes to all things earthly. In battle he was fearless, in political life clean, at home the idol of his family, and among his neighbors none was more loved or respected for his virtues. He left behind a large number of relatives, one of whom, Lafayette Lane, a son, was a member of congress from this state, and Harry Lane, a grandson, is a well-known physician of Portland; and Eugene Shelby, another grandson, has been for years the agent of Wells, Fargo & Co., at Portland.